Aarab Jihan*, Lahlali Fatima Zahra, Allam Asma">
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An Atypical Case of an Unresectable Hemangioma in the Posterior Mediastinum

Aarab Jihan*, Lahlali Fatima Zahra, Allam Asma, Moukasse Yasmina, Sfaoua Hasna, El- Majjaoui Sanae, El-Kacemi Hanan, Tayeb Kebdani and Noureddine Benjaafar

Department of Radiation Oncology, National Institute of Oncology, Mohammed V University, Rabat, Morocco

*Corresponding Author:
Jihan A
Department of Radiation Oncology, National Institute of Oncology, Mohammed V University, Rabat, Morocco.
Tel: 00212662436121
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: May 03, 2018; Accepted date: May 14, 2018; Published date: May 18, 2018

Citation: Jihan A, Zahra LF, Asma A, Yasmina M, Hasna S, et al. An Atypical Case of an Unresectable Hemangioma in the Posterior Mediastinum. Insights Chest Dis. 2017, 3:2. doi: 10.21767/2576-3903.100029.

 
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Abstract

A 37-year-old woman presented to the pneumology department with 10 months history of dyspnea. There was no other local or systemic symptom. The patient medical history was unremarkable. Physical examination was normal. A chest radiograph showed a mass in mediastinum. Computed tomography (CT) of the chest revealed a heterogenous mass, well-circumscribed in the posterior mediastinum, measuring 12.7 × 8 × 15 cm. In front this mass is in contact with the cardiac cavities, pushing back the left atrium, at the top it is in contact with the carina with important effect of mass on the stumps bronchial.

Clinical Image

A 37-year-old woman presented to the pneumology department with 10 months history of dyspnea. There was no other local or systemic symptom. The patient medical history was unremarkable. Physical examination was normal. A chest radiograph showed a mass in mediastinum. Computed tomography (CT) of the chest revealed a heterogenous mass, well-circumscribed in the posterior mediastinum, measuring 12.7 × 8 × 15 cm. In front this mass is in contact with the cardiac cavities, pushing back the left atrium, at the top it is in contact with the carina with important effect of mass on the stumps bronchial. The pulmonary arteries are permeable (Figure 1 (A-C)). A percutaneous fine needle aspiration biopsy of the lesion was performed under CT guidance, but it was not concluante. She was referred to thoracic surgeon for surgical intervention. A posterolateral thoracotomy was performed under general anesthesia, which revealed anenorm mass in the posterior mediastinum adhered firmly to the heart tissue, but there was no definite direct invasion, surgical excision was not possible. Histopathological examination revelated hemangioma. Radiation therapy was proposed to our patient, but she refused this therapy after the recognition of possible late risks associated with irradiation with Figure 1 A-C showing CT appearance of hemangioma.

neoplasm-coronal-reconstruction

Figure 1: A) Axial plane, B) Coronal reconstruction and C) Sagittal reconstruction.

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